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CrossFit Glossary

The following is a collection of jargon, acronyms, terminology, etc that you might hear in the world of CrossFit. It is a compilation from a variety of sources, including FitnessHQ.com and End of Three Fitness, but a majority of the list comes from new members asking questions like, "What does AMRAP/EMOM/HSPU mean?"


To find something quickly, hit Command+F on a Mac or Ctrl+F on a PC.


Acronyms & Terms

AMRAP: As Many Reps (sometimes Rounds) as Possible

BP: Bench press

BS: Back squat

BW (or BWT): Body weight

CFT: CrossFit Total – consisting of max squat, press, and deadlift.

CLN: Clean

COMPLEX: the combination of two or more different lifts combined into a single set without releasing the bar from your grip. Complexes are typically employed for technical reasons or for training elements to improve speed, explosiveness or strength.

C&J: Clean and jerk

C2: Concept II rowing machine

DB: Dumbbell

DL: Deadlift

EMOM: Every Minute on the Minute. In an EMOM workout athletes will perform a specific movement for a specific number of reps at the top of each minute, resting the remainder of that minute. They repeat at the top of each minute.

FS: Front squat

GHD: Glute ham raise (developer). Posterior chain exercise, like a back extension. Also, the device that allows for the proper performance of a GHR.

GHD Situp: Situp done on the GHR(D) bench.

GPP: General physical preparedness, aka “fitness.”

H2H: Hand to hand; refers to Jeff Martone’s kettlebell “juggling” techniques (or to combat).

HSPU: Hand stand push up. Kick up into a handstand (use wall for balance, if needed) bend arms until head touches floor and push back up.

HSQ: Hang squat (clean or snatch). Start with bar “at the hang,” about knee height. Initiate pull. As the bar rises drop into a full squat and catch the bar in the racked position. From there, rise to a standing position

KB: Kettlebell

KTE(K2E): Knees to elbows. Similar to TTBs described below.

MetCon: Metabolic Conditioning workout

MU: Muscle ups. Hanging from rings you do a combination pull-up and dip so you end in an upright support.

OH: Overhead

OHS: Overhead squat. Full-depth squat performed while arms are locked out in a wide grip press position above (and usually behind) the head.

PC: Power clean

Pd: Pood, weight measure for kettlebells

PR: Personal record

PP: Push press

PSN: Power snatch

PU: Pull-ups, possibly push ups depending on the context

Rep: Repetition. One performance of an exercise.

Rx’d; as Rx’d: As prescribed; as written. WOD done without any adjustments.

RM: Repetition maximum. Your 1RM is your max lift for one rep. Your 10 RM is the most you can lift 10 times.

SDHP: Sumo deadlift high pull

Set: A number of repetitions. e.g., 3 sets of 10 reps, often seen as 3×10, means do 10 reps, rest, repeat, rest, repeat.

SPP: Specific physical preparednesss, aka skill training.

SN: Snatch

SQ: Squat

TGU: Turkish get-up

TTB: Toes to bar. Hang from bar. Bending only at waist raise your toes to touch the bar.

WO, sometimes W/O: Workout

WOD: Workout of the day


CrossFit Foundational

Movements

The following movements are the foundation of CrossFit's functional training methodology. Think of them as a series of  progressive moves across three categories of movements:

Squats

Overhead Lifts

Floor Lifts

You start with the basic movements: the Air Squat, Shoulder Press and Deadlift. You learn the fundamentals of each and progress by adding extra movement, load, etc. It is important to note the value of pursuing VIRTUOSITY, or the ability to do common things uncommonly well. For example, one should be able to air squat exceptionally well before moving on to loaded squats like the front squat, back squat, and overhead squat.


Air Squat - Front Squat - Overhead Squat


Shoulder (Strict) Press - Push Press - Push Jerk


Deadlift - Sumo Deadlift High Pull - Medball Clean


olympic lifts

CrossFit places a heavy emphasis on Olympic weightlifting, with this sport’s unique ability to develop an athlete’s explosive power, control of external objects, and mastery of critical motor recruitment patterns. Practicing the Olympic lifts teaches one to apply force to muscle groups in proper sequence; i.e., from the center of the body to its extremities (core to extremity). Learning this vital technical lesson benefits all athletes who need to impart force to another person or object, as is commonly required in nearly all sports. In addition to learning to impart explosive forces, the clean and jerk and snatch condition the body to receive such forces from another moving body both safely and effectively.


CLEAN: A movement where an object (usually a barbell) is pulled from the floor and received in a front squat position with the object resting on one’s shoulders.

JERK: A movement where an object (usually a barbell) is heaved from the shoulders and caught overhead, with arms locked out. The movement is finished when hips and legs fully extend. A push jerk refers to jumping and landing in a shoulder width stance. A split jerk refers to jumping and landing in a lunge.

SNATCH: A movement where an object (usually a barbell) is pulled from the floor and caught in an overhead squat position.


The CLEAN and SNATCH can be performed from various starting positions.

FROM THE GROUND: Lift begins with barbell/dumbbell/object resting on the ground.

HANG CLEAN/SNATCH: Lift begins with object already off the floor and hanging between hip and knee height.


The CLEAN and SNATCH can also be caught, or "received," with the body in various positions.

POWER: A power clean/snatch refers to the object being caught with knees slightly bent, hips not going below the knees.

SQUAT: A squat clean/snatch, sometimes simply referred to as a clean/snatch, is caught in a full squat. Usually reserved for heavier loads, emphasis is place less on pulling the object up and more on pulling body under the object and finishing with a front squat movement.

MUSCLE: A muscle clean/snatch without any bend in the knees or hips.


CLEAN (FROM THE GROUND)

POWER CLEAN (FROM THE GROUND)

SNATCH (FROM THE GROUND)

POWER SNATCH (FROM THE GROUND)

HANG SNATCH (aka HANG SQUAT SNATCH)

HANG CLEAN (aka HANG SQUAT CLEAN)

HANG POWER SNATCH

HANG POWER CLEAN

DUMBBELL HANG CLEAN

DUMBBELL HANG POWER SNATCH

MUSCLE CLEAN

MUSCLE SNATCH





Additional CrossFit Movement Videos

Bar Muscle-Up

Pull-Up

Kipping Pull-Up

L-Sit Pull-Up

Butterfly Pull-Up

Ring Muscle-Up

Ring Row

Thruster

Wall Ball


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