The following is a collection of jargon, acronyms, terminology, etc that you might hear in the world of CrossFit. It is a compilation from a variety of sources, including FitnessHQ.com and End of Three Fitness, but a majority of the list comes from new members asking questions like, "What does AMRAP/EMOM/HSPU mean?"
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Acronyms & Terms
AMRAP: As Many Reps (sometimes Rounds) as Possible
BP: Bench press
BS: Back squat
BW (or BWT): Body weight
CFT: CrossFit Total – consisting of max squat, press, and deadlift.
COMPLEX: the combination of two or more different lifts combined into a single set without releasing the bar from your grip. Complexes are typically employed for technical reasons or for training elements to improve speed, explosiveness or strength.
C&J: Clean and jerk
C2: Concept II rowing machine
EMOM: Every Minute on the Minute. In an EMOM workout athletes will perform a specific movement for a specific number of reps at the top of each minute, resting the remainder of that minute. They repeat at the top of each minute.
FS: Front squat
GHD: Glute ham raise (developer). Posterior chain exercise, like a back extension. Also, the device that allows for the proper performance of a GHR.
GHD Situp: Situp done on the GHR(D) bench.
GPP: General physical preparedness, aka “fitness.”
H2H: Hand to hand; refers to Jeff Martone’s kettlebell “juggling” techniques (or to combat).
HSPU: Hand stand push up. Kick up into a handstand (use wall for balance, if needed) bend arms until head touches floor and push back up.
HSQ: Hang squat (clean or snatch). Start with bar “at the hang,” about knee height. Initiate pull. As the bar rises drop into a full squat and catch the bar in the racked position. From there, rise to a standing position
KTE(K2E): Knees to elbows. Similar to TTBs described below.
MetCon: Metabolic Conditioning workout
MU: Muscle ups. Hanging from rings you do a combination pull-up and dip so you end in an upright support.
OHS: Overhead squat. Full-depth squat performed while arms are locked out in a wide grip press position above (and usually behind) the head.
PC: Power clean
Pd: Pood, weight measure for kettlebells
PR: Personal record
PP: Push press
PSN: Power snatch
PU: Pull-ups, possibly push ups depending on the context
Rep: Repetition. One performance of an exercise.
Rx’d; as Rx’d: As prescribed; as written. WOD done without any adjustments.
RM: Repetition maximum. Your 1RM is your max lift for one rep. Your 10 RM is the most you can lift 10 times.
SDHP: Sumo deadlift high pull
Set: A number of repetitions. e.g., 3 sets of 10 reps, often seen as 3×10, means do 10 reps, rest, repeat, rest, repeat.
SPP: Specific physical preparednesss, aka skill training.
TGU: Turkish get-up
TTB: Toes to bar. Hang from bar. Bending only at waist raise your toes to touch the bar.
WO, sometimes W/O: Workout
WOD: Workout of the day
The following movements are the foundation of CrossFit's functional training methodology. Think of them as a series of progressive moves across three categories of movements:
You start with the basic movements: the Air Squat, Shoulder Press and Deadlift. You learn the fundamentals of each and progress by adding extra movement, load, etc. It is important to note the value of pursuing VIRTUOSITY, or the ability to do common things uncommonly well. For example, one should be able to air squat exceptionally well before moving on to loaded squats like the front squat, back squat, and overhead squat.
CrossFit places a heavy emphasis on Olympic weightlifting, with this sport’s unique ability to develop an athlete’s explosive power, control of external objects, and mastery of critical motor recruitment patterns. Practicing the Olympic lifts teaches one to apply force to muscle groups in proper sequence; i.e., from the center of the body to its extremities (core to extremity). Learning this vital technical lesson benefits all athletes who need to impart force to another person or object, as is commonly required in nearly all sports. In addition to learning to impart explosive forces, the clean and jerk and snatch condition the body to receive such forces from another moving body both safely and effectively.
CLEAN: A movement where an object (usually a barbell) is pulled from the floor and received in a front squat position with the object resting on one’s shoulders.
JERK: A movement where an object (usually a barbell) is heaved from the shoulders and caught overhead, with arms locked out. The movement is finished when hips and legs fully extend. A push jerk refers to jumping and landing in a shoulder width stance. A split jerk refers to jumping and landing in a lunge.
SNATCH: A movement where an object (usually a barbell) is pulled from the floor and caught in an overhead squat position.
The CLEAN and SNATCH can be performed from various starting positions.
FROM THE GROUND: Lift begins with barbell/dumbbell/object resting on the ground.
HANG CLEAN/SNATCH: Lift begins with object already off the floor and hanging between hip and knee height.
The CLEAN and SNATCH can also be caught, or "received," with the body in various positions.
POWER: A power clean/snatch refers to the object being caught with knees slightly bent, hips not going below the knees.
SQUAT: A squat clean/snatch, sometimes simply referred to as a clean/snatch, is caught in a full squat. Usually reserved for heavier loads, emphasis is place less on pulling the object up and more on pulling body under the object and finishing with a front squat movement.
MUSCLE: A muscle clean/snatch without any bend in the knees or hips.